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Moundville Archaeological Park

Moundville Celebrates Native American Heritage Month

November is recognized as National American Indian Heritage Month! The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum join in paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.

This year, Moundville Archaeological Park is celebrating Native American Heritage Month with an exhibit, a virtual 5K, a pottery activity, a cooking demonstration, and a month-long photo challenge!

Exhibit

Join Moundville Archaeological Park’s celebration of Native American Heritage Month as we discuss how Native peoples used the Black Warrior River and created corn agriculture and connect with first pop-up exhibition celebrating Native American contributions to American lifeways.”

  • Name of the Exhibit – Native American Foodways: Southeastern Traditions in Alabama
  • Start/End Date: November 4th – December 4th
  • Location: Intercultural Diversity Center Ferguson Center Room 2100
  • Exhibit Description: This pop exhibition will focus on Southeastern Native American subsistence patterns, the importance of Moundville, corn agriculture, the utilization Black Warrior River and how most of the subsistence techniques used in pre-history are still being done today.
  • Artifacts will include:  Pots and cups that were excavated at Moundville that were used for cooking. Bone fish hooks, grinding stones (mortar, pestle), stone axe, atlatl, projectile points etc. 

This exhibit will also include a make and take craft, that students will be able to take back to their dorms to complete.

We will also have a display at the Tuscaloosa Library to celebrate Native American Heritage Month and encourage patrons to check out books by Native American authors.

Virtual Moundville 5K

Throughout November and December 2020, Moundville Archaeological Park is hosting a virtual 5K to support their Education Fund! Participants are encouraged to run on a 5K course of their choosing and will be awarded with a commemorative finisher medal and downloadable finisher certificate.

Registration Information:

  • Registration can be done online or at Moundville Archaeological Park
  • The Entry Fee is $25
  • Runners will receive a downloadable race bib.

Runners Will Receive:

  • Commemorative Finisher Medal
  • Downloadable Finisher Certificate
  • Free Admission Into Moundville Archaeological Park
  • A Curated YouTube Playlist of Tribal Artists

After your 5K is completed, make sure to share your experience with Moundville Archaeological Park on social media by using the hashtag: #Moundville5K

Pottery Activity

Background on Pottery

When visitors tour the Jones Museum at Moundville Archaeological Park, Mississippian-era pottery is, by far, the type of artifact they’ll see the most. Pottery found at Moundville is uniquely displayed. Transparent cases form a series of square archways that visitors walk through, able to view each piece from a number of angles, including the bases of many pots.

Clay is the earth’s most abundant mineral. It’s not surprising then that ceramics – the art and technology of making heat hardened vessels and other articles from clay – is an invention that hallmarks different cultures worldwide. For archaeologists, ceramics form a class of artifacts they can analyze to find out different things about a particular culture. What’s mixed into the clay, how a vessel is formed and the method used to decorate pottery are measurable characteristics that vary within a particular society over space and time or serve to distinguish one culture from another.

Generally speaking, any non-clay substances mixed in with clay to help keep pottery from shrinking, warping and cracking while drying and being fired is called “temper”. Another advantage of using temper is that is prevents pottery from breaking during thermal shock, a drastic change is temperature that occurs, for instance, when ice cold water is poured into an empty pot that has been heating on an open fire.

Tempers used early in the prehistoric Southeast include plant fibers, sand, grit, ground limestone, bone and grog (ground up pottery fragments). At Moundville, as well as most other Mississippian sites, a potter’s primary temper was burned and crushed mussel shell. Unlike most other earlier materials, tempering pottery with shell produces chemical reactions in the clay body. As a result, Mississippian potters had to refine their pottery.

Pottery Methods

Pinch Method

Take a lump of clay and form it into a ball. Insert your thumb into the center of the ball, leaving about 1/2 inch of clay on the bottom for a base (A). Gently press the clay into shape using your thumb on the inside of the ball and your fingers on the outside. Press the clay and rotate the ball, slowly repeating this as you work, thinning the base of the pot first, then working gradually up the side wall (B). Try to keep the walls of the vessel the same thickness throughout. An overall thickness of about 1/4 inch is ideal. Using your fingers or a polished stone, smooth the walls of the vessel (C). If needed, trim the top edge (the lip) of the pot with a piece of flint or a cane knife. Decorate using the tools provided.

Coil Method

Take a small ball of clay and flatten it into a round pancake about 1/4 inch in thickness. As you flatten, flip the clay frequently so that it doesn’t stick to your work surface. This will serve as the base of your pot. Roll out long “snake” or coil of clay.

Wind the coil around the outer edge of the base, pressing down on it gently so that it sticks to the clay below it. Smooth the coils into one another on the inside and outside of the pot, supporting the area being smoothed with yourother hand by placing it on the other side of the vessel wall. The way the coils are stacked determines the shape of the pot. If you stack the coils directly on top of one another the pot will have straight sides (A). By stacking coilsleaning outwards the vessel is widened (B) and stacking the coils towards the inside narrows the pot (C). Smooth the vessel and, if necessary, trim the lip. Decorate using the tools provided.

Cooking Demonstration with Grayhawk Perkins

Grayhawk Perkins
Grayhawk Perkins

The Intercultural Diversity Center and the Women Gender & Resource Center will be hosting a live cooking demonstration featuring Grayhawk Perkins to learn about indigenous cooking and how it relates to culture and gender. New Orleans-born Grayhawk Perkins is a well-known cultural figure in Louisiana. He works as an educator, historian, and a musician, teaching music, history, writing, and environmental studies to students from Pre-K to college level. The zoom link will be provided after registration is complete. This event will take place on Thursday, November 12, 2020 at 6:00pm.

Register for this event here:
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/native-american-heritage-month-cooking-demonstration-with-grayhawk-perkins-tickets-126862734855

Photo Challenge

During the month of November, you can participate in a photo challenge with Moundville Archaeological Park! Each day will have a photo prompt that will encourage you to take a picture, interpreting what that prompt means to you.

To share it with us on social media, use the hashtag: #MoundvilleNAHM2020

Below are the prompts for each day of November. Have fun!

  • November 1 – Native American Storytelling
  • November 2 – Mounds
  • November 3 – Native American Athlete
  • November 4 – Native American Innovator
  • November 5 – Moundville
  • November 6 – Native American Art
  • November 7 – Native American Activist
  • November 8 – Native American Musician
  • November 9 – Native American Museum
  • November 10 – Native American Actor
  • November 11 – Native American Fashion
  • November 12 – Native American Throwback
  • November 13 – Native American Family
  • November 14 – Native American Artist
  • November 15 – Native American Author
  • November 16 – River
  • November 17 – Native American Movie
  • November 18 – Native American Educator
  • November 19 – Native American Festival
  • November 20 – Unity
  • November 21 – Nature
  • November 22 – Native American Food
  • November 23 – Garden
  • November 24 – Preservation
  • November 25 – Native American Poet
  • November 26 – Thanksgiving
  • November 27 – Native American Entrepreneur
  • November 28 – Fitness
  • November 29 – Native American Book
  • November 30 – Sunrise/Sunset